Russia Aims For the Moon, Then Mars
The one thing that more-or-less remained constant in Russia after the Soviet collapse was the relative high status enjoyed by the scientific community there, particularly its ballistic missile technology sector and its aerospace industry. Through good times and bad, the space station "Mir" has become a legendary symbol of Russia's resilient scientific research field. The space station Mir remains an international center for space exploration as the Russian Federation remains a leader in aerospace engineering. And this comes at a time when the US space agency has suffered series of setbacks and has found itself at times relying on Russian expertize. What's more, anyone with any exposure to the scientific/research fields within the US realizes that a majority of its scientists are in fact imported labor from various nations. Scientists and technicians from former Soviet nations as well as China and India figure prominently within various technological fields within the US. For instance, US based Boeing, one of the largest aerospace and defense corporations in the world, relies to some extent now on Russian know how. Nevertheless, one of the amusing things that I have noticed during the last several years has been the curious trend in the West of calling Russia's space station Mir the - International - Space Station.
Russia plans to send a manned mission to the Moon by 2025, 57 years after Nasa’s Apollo mission in 1968 - and wants to build a permanent base there. Anatoly Perminov, head of the Russian space agency Roskosmos, said that an “inhabited station” could be built between 2027 and 2032. Russia intended to complete construction of its section of the International Space Station by 2015 so that the ISS “becomes a fully fledged space research centre,” he added. Mr Perminov pointed out that Russia’s space programme receives less than 10 per cent of the funding the US receives, yet retains great ambitions. An expedition to Mars remained a long-term ambition for Roskosmos, which hoped to send manned flights there after 2035, he said. However, many difficulties linked to the planet’s extreme physical conditions remain unresolved. “Current spacecraft do not provide the protection needed for the crew to survive and return to Earth,” he said. (AFP)
Russia Plans Manned Moon Mission by 2025
Russia plans to send a manned mission to the Moon by 2025 and wants to build a permanent base there shortly after, the head of Russian space agency Roskosmos said Friday. "According to our estimates we will be ready for a manned flight to the Moon in 2025," Anatoly Perminov told reporters. An "inhabited station" could be built there between 2027 and 2032, he said. The only moon landing in history is NASA's Apollo expedition in 1968. Laying out Roskmosmos' plans for the next three decades, Perminov said that Russia's space programme receives less than 10 percent the funding the US programme receives, yet retains great ambitions. Russia intends to complete construction of its section of the International Space Station by 2015 so that the ISS "becomes a fully-fledged space research centre," he said. "Major modernisation" will also be carried out to the Soyuz craft used to ferry people and cargo to the space station. An expedition to Mars remains a long-term ambition for Roskosmos, which hopes to mount manned flights there after 2035, he said. Many difficulties linked to the planet's extreme physical conditions remain unresolved, however. "Current spacecraft do not provide the protection needed for the crew to survive and return to Earth," he said. The expected two- to three-year duration of the voyage would also involve huge challenges in terms of storage space and stress on the crew, he said.
Russia to Increase Orbital group – Space Agency Director
Russia is to have 102 spacecraft in orbit by the beginning of 2008, Federal Space Agency Director Anatoly Perminov told a news conference on Friday. He said 95 craft are in orbits at present. “By the end of this year we shall launch six spacecraft of the GLONASS system, as well as several satellites in the interests of the Defense Ministry. Thus, there will be 102-103 spacecraft in the orbital group by the end of the year” Perminov said. He stressed that only 25 percent of launched spacecraft had improved performance a few years ago, while the figure is 60 percent at present. As for prospects of the multi-purpose aerospace system (MAKS), Perminov said it was implemented under the program Air Launch together with Indonesia and envisaged the use of an An-124 plane as a carrier of a booster rocket. The rocket will be launched from a 10,000-kilometer height, allowing replacing the first stage. Perminov said the project had “advantages and shortcomings”. “Whether it will work or not depends on financincial support that that side is to provide,” he said.
Russia Space Agency Plans Protecting Earth From Asteroids
The Russian Federal Space Agency plans creating a system of anti-asteroid protection after 2026, the agency’s director Anatoly Perminov told a news conference on Friday. As for the Federal Space Agency’s plans Perminov said “we have prepared proposals of the space activity for the years to 2040”. “They have all aspects, including flights of the Moon and Mars. Now it is necessary to formulate the financial and resource support,” he said. The proposals envisage three stages. The first, which is planned for the years to 2015, is completing the assembly of the Russian segment of the International Space Station, enhancing the effectiveness of the transportation system, and preparing a scientific-technological basis for further stages of the space program. The making of means of delivery and a new-generation transportation system is a plan for the second stage. Russia is going to extend the use of the International Space Station to 2020. The third stage envisages preparing manned flights to the Moon and Mars by 2025. The landing on the Moon is to be prepared by 2025, and the setting up of a base on the Moon in 2027-35, Perminov said. The flight to Mars is planned after 2035. The need to create a system of protection of the Earth from asteroids is prompted by computations by specialists, who say that asteroid Apophis is bound to fly at a 40,000-kilometer distance from the Earth in 2009, and there is a risk of it colliding with the Earth in 2036.